STAR POWER PART 2 – Computing SUPER STARDOM

If you haven’t read PART 1 of this article, click here

In continuation to our first article in this series, here’s the next write up which will guide us in calculating the X-Factors and Star-Power. The prime consideration which we’ve made is to be as transparent as possible so that there’s practically nothing hidden from our readers. The exceptional response from our readers in the first article helped us a lot in improving our system.

The first thing which we need to understand is that the 10 X-Factors don’t have equal impact on the boxoffice. So, we need to identify what is the measure of impact of all these X-Factors.

X-FACTOR List with corresponding Impact

  • Release Date [+/- 25%]
  • Franchise [0 to +25%]
  • Response to Theatrical Trailer [+/- 15%]
  • Music [+/- 7.5%]
  • Gap between Releases [+/- 7.5%]
  • Genre [+/- 4%]
  • Banner [+/- 4%]
  • Co-Star [+/- 4%]
  • Director [+/- 4%]
  • Ticket Prices [+/- 4%]

TOTAL IMPACT RANGE OF X-FACTORS      : -75% to +100%       

As explained in the first article, wherever an actor has an advantage, the X-Factor shall become negative and vice versa. Once you have X-Factor Figure, just subtract it from Opening collections and you will get the Star Power.

The +100% and -75% effects are hypothetical scenarios and 99% of the times the impact shall be in between these two yard-stick parameters.

Now that we’ve the impact measures, let’s do a case study of all the X-Factors and analyze Advantages/ Disadvantages in each category.

NOTE: The impact of X-Factors and the Advantages/ Disadvantages in each X-Factor category is bound to change time and again depending upon industry standards.

X-FACTOR COMPUTATION

1. RELEASE DATE

RELEASE DATE ADJUSTMENT IN OPENING (Percentage of Opening Day Collections)
EXCELLENT ADVANTAGE -25%
GOOD ADVANTAGE -12.5%
AVERAGE 0
DISADVANTAGE +12.5%
MAJOR DISADVANTAGE +25%

It’s an established fact that Release Date has become the key to grand openings and irrespective of all other prospects, business is almost sure to get escalated for any film on holidays. This is the reason why there is competition nowadays to block the perfect release date as soon as the project is announced. Please find below various categories of release dates.

  • Excellent – Advantage – NATIONAL HOLIDAY
    Diwali, Eid, Christmas, Independence-Day, Republic-Day, Gandhi Jayanti
    Ex: Happy New Year
  • Good Advantage – FAVOURABLE PERIOD/ PARTIAL HOLIDAY
    Post IPL Weekend, Valentine’s Day, Good Friday, May Day, etc.
    Ex: Holiday – A Soldier Is Never Off Duty
  • Average – NORMAL RELEASE
    [Any normal Friday] Ex: PK
  • Disadvantage – UNFAVORABLE PERIOD
    Pre-Eid, Diwali Puja, Crucial Cricket Match etc.
    Ex: Kick
  • Major Disadvantage – CLASH
    A clash resulting in division of considerable number of screens
    Ex: Gadar and Lagaan

Another interesting point which is worth mentioning is that sometimes an X-Factor can neutralize on its own. For Example, Bang Bang was released on Gandhi Jayanti 2014, so its Release Date total should be -25%, but it also faced a clash with Haider (imposing a +25%). So for Bang Bang we will take Release Date X-Factor as zero, i.e. normal.

2. FRANCHISE

FRANCHISE ADJUSTMENT IN OPENING (Percentage of  Opening Day Collections)
EXCELLENT ADVANTAGE -25%
GOOD ADVANTAGE -12.5%
AVERAGE 0

Hit Franchises have tremendous recall value amongst the audience. The factors which contribute in escalation of appeal/ buzz of a brand can be attributed as:

1. Goodwill from Theatrical Word of Mouth
2. Success on Television (Satellite TRPs)

Based upon these factors, we’ve divided popular franchises into two groups as depicted below. Below groupings have few examples for comparison and franchises shall be added/ removed to this as we move further.

  • Excellent Advantage:
    Dhoom, Munnabhai, Krrish, Welcome, Dabangg, Hera Pheri
  • Good Advantage:
    Singham, Golmaal, Housefull, Don, Tanu Weds Manu, Masti, etc.
  • Average:
    Any Normal Release that doesn’t belongs to any franchise.

3. RESPONSE TO THEATRICAL TRAILER

RESPONSE TO TRAILER ADJUSTMENT IN OPENING (Percentage of  Opening Day Collections)
ADVANTAGE -15%
AVERAGE 0
DISADVANTAGE +15%

We received many comments in our first article highlighting two important points – ‘Content’ and ‘Perception amongst audience’. Well, normal movie-goers judge any film’s content and form their perception only on the basis of that film’s first theatrical trailer. It’s something like judging a book from its cover.

  • Advantage – VERY GOOD TRAILER
    Ex: Bang-Bang, Kick
  • Average – MEDIOCRE TRAILER
    Ex: Happy New Year, Jai Ho
  • Disadvantage – POOR TRAILER
    Ex: It’s Entertainment

4. MUSIC

RESPONSE TO MUSIC ADJUSTMENT IN OPENING (Percentage of  Opening Day Collections)
ADVANTAGE -7.5%
AVERAGE 0
DISADVANTAGE +7.5%

“Get few chartbusters in your film and a good opening is very much on.” Strength of good music converting into footfalls is not hidden from anybody. We’ve 3 categories under this factor as well.

  • Advantage – CHARTBUSTER MUSIC
    Ex: Happy New Year [Lovely Song]
  • Average – MEDIOCRE ALBUM
    Ex: PK
  • Disadvantage – POOR
    Ex: Action Jackson

5. TIME GAP SINCE LAST RELEASE

TIME GAP ADJUSTMENT IN OPENING (Percentage of Opening Day Collections)
ADVANTAGE -7.5%
AVERAGE 0
DISADVANTAGE +7.5%
  • Advantage – Time gap between Current and Last Release > 6 months
  • Average – Time gap between Current and Last Release = 6 months
  • Disadvantage – Time gap between Current and Last Release < 6 months

We believe that an actor can very much maintain his stardom with 2 releases per year, i.e. a release every 6 months. A film’s appeal and buzz diminishes gradually if its lead actor has over exposed himself with frequent releases and vice versa. Akshay Kumar and Ajay Devgn are the two stars who have mostly experienced this wrath in the recent past.

Consider Salman Khan in 2014 as an example. For Jai Ho, this X-Factor would be -7.5% (as his last release was Dabangg-2 which was released more than 6 months back) and for Kick it would be 0 (as Kick released exactly 6 months after Jai Ho).

6. GENRE

GENRE ADJUSTMENT IN OPENING (Percentage of  Opening Day Collections)
ADVANTAGE -4%
AVERAGE 0
DISADVANTAGE +4%
  • Advantage – Action, Family Films
  • Average – Comedy, Romance, Comedy-Drama, Romance-Drama
  • Disadvantage – Drama, Social, Sports, Suspense-Drama, Thriller-Drama, Biography

Just like all other X-Factors, the genres shall also keep getting moved from Advantage to Disadvantage as per the industry trends.

We would like to mention here that some films might fall under more than one category and then we’ll have to adjust the Genre X-Factor accordingly. For an instance a Jai Ho or a Gabbar Is Back is an Action Film with a social issue, Corruption, as back drop. So, instead of -4%, we’ll take -2%.

7. BANNER

BANNER ADJUSTMENT IN OPENING (Percentage of Opening Day Collections)
ADVANTAGE -4%
AVERAGE 0
DISADVANTAGE +4%
  • Advantage – Yash Raj Films, Dharma Productions, UTV Motion Pictures
  • Average – EROS International, Vishesh Films, Nadiadwala Grandson, Balaji Motion Pictures, Viacom18, Red Chillies Entertainment.
  • Disadvantage – Others

The Banner is responsible for selecting right scripts, designing a good marketing strategy and increasing the production value.

Nowadays, the Distribution Company is as vital as the Makers of the film. In fact, on most of the occasions, Producers make good profits by selling their films at a very early stage and thus the Distribution Company is also involved in all the key decisions. Thus, firstly, Banner will include both the Producers & distributors. Secondly, we’ll consider the better of the two companies. Like for PK (Producer: Vidhu Vinod Chopra & Raju Hirani | Distributor: UTV) and Brothers (Producer: Dharma | Distributor: Fox Star), the X-Factor will be -4% as Top 3 Banners are associated in some way or the other.

8. CO-STAR

CO-STAR ADJUSTMENT IN OPENING (Percentage of  Opening Day Collections)
ADVANTAGE -4%
AVERAGE 0
DISADVANTAGE +4%
  • Advantage – Deepika Padukone, Katrina Kaif, Kareena Kapoor, Kangna Ranaut, Priyanka Chopra, Alia Bhatt
  • Average – Shraddha Kapoor, Madhuri Dixit, Aishwarya Rai, Kajol, Anushka Sharma
  • Disadvantage – Others

The Co-Stars can also contribute in bringing audience to the theatres, but contrary to the general perception, the effect is restricted and here’s an explanation to that. Deepika Padukone is arguably the No 1 actress in the industry today. But, on her own goodwill, she got an opening of just around 5 crore for Piku, which also had Amitabh Bachchan and Irfan Khan.

Another point worth mentioning is that here we’ve mainly considered the actresses, but there can be a Multi-Hero project. Like in Brothers, if we take only the actress, Jacqueline Fernandez would have Disadvantage on Akshay Kumar’s opening, but there’s another star in the form of Siddharth Malhotra who will surely contribute in footfalls. If we create a similar table for Actors, Akshay Kumar shall most probably fall in first category (Top 5) and Siddharth Malhotra in second (Rank 6-10). So, the Co-Star X-Factor in Brothers will turn out to be -2% for Akshay Kumar and -4% for Siddharth Malhotra.

9. DIRECTOR

DIRECTOR ADJUSTMENT IN OPENING (Percentage of Opening Day Collections)
ADVANTAGE -4%
AVERAGE 0
DISADVANTAGE +4%
  • Advantage – Director with Success Rate > 50%. Example: Raju Hirani, Rohit Shetty
  • Average – Director with Success Rate = 50%. Example: Mohit Suri
  • Disadvantage – Director with Success Rate < 50% or Debutant. Example: Sajid-Farhad

10. TICKET PRICES

DIRECTOR ADJUSTMENT IN OPENING (Percentage of Opening Day Collections)
ADVANTAGE -4%
AVERAGE 0
DISADVANTAGE +4%
  • Advantage – High Rates. Example: Singham Returns
  • Average – Normal Rates. Example: Action Jackson

Though, generally ticket prices are more or less similar to Release Date factor because Holiday/ Festival releases tend to have higher prices than normal ones. However, there might be special occurrences when festival/ holiday doesn’t falls on first day, still the rates are high. Kick (Eid Holiday on 2nd Day) and Brothers (Independence Day on 2nd Day), for an instance, fall in this category. This is the reason we’ve taken a separate parameter for ticket rates as well.

This is the theory and we’ve lots of practical stuff in store. We would soon come back with the actual Star Power Rankings of top stars. Till then keep surfing. This formula will be tweaked depending on the industry trends.

We hope that you will like our concept. Please share your feedback / suggestions in the comments section.

By Archit Mishra (Tweets @architmishra_06)

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132 Comments

  • no matter how much data you collect and what algorithms u apply to “calculate stardom”

    use this test case -SRK,salman and aamir

    if (SRK Comes first)
    {
    ur formula worked
    }

    else if(salman comes first)
    {
    ur formula has a problem)

    }

    else if(aamir comes first)
    {
    BIG PROBLEM
    }

    SRK>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
    ANY ONE

  • Totally agree with @dxt namm.
    We don’t need math to calculate stardom, atleast to tell who is no. 1 or no. 2.
    For differentiate between the rest we may need it but who is interested in that.
    You meet hundreds of people every day ask 10 of them who is biggest star and you will get your answer.
    Actually you don’t need to do that also I will tell you SALMAN is the biggest in superstardom.

  • Article is very good but too many flaws in all calculations and comparisons. Many don’t make much sense and it’s obvious it was not done by an expert mathematician but someone who sat down and tried to come up with a formula for stardom. To get such a formula you would have to do a survey in every country of the world because figures were manipulated by a couple of stars, inflating box office figures so a task such as what’s being attempted is virtually impossible, but will give you credit for making the effort. But what I fail to understand why do you feel the necessity to try to constantly prove who is tops and who is at the bottom. A person favorite star is a personal choice like all things as for me I don’t give a damn about anyone who is full of hate and lacking in love and forgiveness, such people are a waste of time.

  • Nicely devised and compiled information — good effort Indicine Team. In my years of aging I have grown lazy toward exercising proficient writing; however, that does not mean I don’t appreciate it when others put forth real effort to demonstrate it. It makes reading the article so much more worthwhile, at least for me. As for many commenters who do not seem to grasp the not-so=fair/ unbalanced system of things regarding how celebs/actors, performers, & etc. get credited with STAR labels, your thoughts on the subject may warrant a little bit of adjustment. If you are trying to use good logic, or reasonable deducing, facts as evidence, and/or fan following, and such you may have forgotten or perhaps you haven’t realized, yet, the kind of world system of things that presides over and governs this planet’s population of living beings — more specifically, humans. to put in plain & simple terms — the system is incurably CROOKED! As uncomplimentary as that sounds, there are aspects about it that are irresistibly intriguing and fascinating for some individuals with unlimited curiosity, especially concerning things that are said to be sound and reasonable but, don’t make sense, don’t balance out no matter how you calculate it, don’t measure up to good judgment, or just challenge to no end a sensible mind. Yes, I can elaborate, but if I tried to do that this paragraph would become a book; which, now that the though has crossed my mind, writing a book about it may be something to consider. The point is, have fun trying to figure out who rates being considered a STAR and who doesn’t, how the STAR rating is calculated, what is and is not fair, and arguing about which person is a more highly rated STAR than another, etc., etc. but, don’t waste your mental powers or your time trying to make real sense out of any of it. If you have chosen favorite celeb/s, show it and make them aware of it so that they will work harder to please you whether they like it or not. After all, they need you (the public) more than you need them. In any case, just have fun enjoying what they offer you that entertains, interests, and/or fascinates you. To all celebs who actually care about what you do and who work hard at it, THANK YOU. Peace & happiness to all!

  • LOLing at this “The Banner is responsible for selecting right scripts, designing a good marketing strategy and increasing the production value.” Advantage to dharma, yrf??? yeah right !! for ungli, gori tere pyaar mein, daawat-e-ishq. None of these films cud get even half the opening of an A rated ragini mms2 starring some tv actors and sunny leone made in < 20 crs :-P

  • In terms of stardom the list goes as this.
    1. Aamir(way ahead)
    2. Salman
    3. Wrinkle Waale
    4. Hrithik
    5. Ajay
    6. Varun
    7. Joker
    8. Ran it
    9. Sid
    10. Shahid

  • I can tell u aamir and salman r the biggest superstars today.
    because srk films r big blockbusters when those films had equally important roles to actress like him.ex-ddlj,ce,oso,rnbdj,kkhh.
    srk films perform mediocre or avg when heroines roles r not big in those films.ex-ra1,don2,hny,

    whereas aamir,salman films can still become blockbusters when heroines roles r not big.
    ex-dhoom3,bajrangi bhaijaan,dabangg,dabangg2,3 idiots,ghajini,ready.

  • HNY:36.31-9.01-2.72-2.72-1.45-1.45-1.45-1.45=16cr

    PK:25.45-1.90-1.01-1.01-1.01=20.52cr

    so aamir is bigger star than srk.

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